This expanded to cover most of central London at its peak, before being replaced by electricity, with the final pump house closing in 1977. The planned route will run from the M25 near North Ockendon, cross the A13 at Orsett before crossing under the Thames east of Tilbury and Gravesend. London's abundance of river tunnels has resulted from a number of factors. https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-lower-thames-crossings-to-cut-congestion-and-create-thousands-of-jobs. Highways England has offered its support to the construction of the tunnel under the river Thames. The Dartford-Thurrock River Crossing, commonly known as the Dartford Crossing and until 1991 the Dartford Tunnel, is a major road crossing of the River Thames in England, carrying the A282 road between Dartford in Kent in the south and Thurrock in Essex in the north. A new link road will then take traffic to the A2 near Shorne.The tunnel has been estimated to cost between £4.3 billion and £5.9 billion. Several tunnels are over a century old: the original Thames Tunnel was the world's first underwater tunnel. "As part of our work to reprioritise our work at junction 10a we considered a range of options and their impact, including the phased closure of some of the slip roads at junction 10. Chiefs say it will adopt a similar online pay toll system to that currently in place for the Dartford Crossing (Dart Charge). The scheme has been out for consultation with some 29,000 detailed responses received and nearly 15,000 people going to a host of 60 events held over a 10 week period. It consists of two bored tunnels and the cable-stayed Queen Elizabeth II Bridge. The A2 at Dover is set to be dualled after improvement plans finally took a turn in the right direction earlier this month. The concept was re-proposed in 2004, with preliminary planning proceeding until November 2008, when Boris Johnson, the then Mayor of London, formally cancelled the entire £500 million scheme. The plans have been out for consultation this year. "We are re-scheduling this work to happen some point after October 31 we will plan and communicate it carefully to ensure disruption is kept to a minimum.". The tunnels are used for road vehicles, pedestrians, Tube and railway lines and utilities. A third tunnel used to carry steam under the Thames to the Churchill Gardens estate. 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