(Leeming, 2005) It was made up of nine God’s, Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis, Seth, and Nephthys. There are indications that Tefnut had an important role to play in relation to the king. This also may have caused the decline of the Old Kingdom. She was shown with the solar disk and uraeus, linking her with the sun.  The Egyptians believed that if Shu did not hold Nut (sky) and Geb (earth) apart there would be no way for physically-manifest life to exist. London: Hermes House. Tefnut and Shu. Being a deity associated with the Eye of Ra, Tefnut was considered a protector of Ra; she protected her father from the underworld serpent. https://www.pyramidtextsonline.com/translation.html, Shu – The God of Life, Wind, Air, Light, and Water, Geb and Nut – The Forbidden Love of Earth and Sky, Shu – The God of Life, Wind, Air, Light, and Water | Ancient Egyptian History, Geb and Nut – The Forbidden Love of Earth and Sky | Ancient Egyptian History, Isis – Queen, mother, woman, and king maker – Ancient Egyptian History, Isis – Queen, mother, woman, and king maker, Osiris – The son of the earth and sky, king of the dead. After that, Shu induced Tefnut, the distant goddess to return with him to Egypt from a mythical foreign land, Nubia, located in the south and east of Egypt. *In Egyptian mythology the Ennead (“the Nine”) is the name given to the pantheon of the great theological center Heliopolis. So she took on the form of a lion - as did the other goddesses with the 'Eye of Ra' title - and was also strongly linked to the sun. What this means is that Tefnut is the grandmother of famous Egyptian deities such as Osiris, Set, Horus the Elder, Isis, and Nephthys. elements of the universe. He was the god of peace, lions, air, and wind. Tefnut was associated with the moon while her brother with sunlight (Oakes & Gahlin, 2006). What flowed forth from thee became Shu, and that which was emitted by thee became Tefnut ... thou was the lion god of the twin lion gods (Shu and Tefnut). Due to the association with dry air, calm, and thus Ma'at (truth, justice, order, and balance), Shu was depicted as the dry air/atmosphere between the earth and sky, separating the two realms after the event of the First Occasion. This is considered as her interesting characteristic. She is sometimes depicted in a double-headed form with her consort Shu on collar counterpoises, a specific type of jewellery. She was often shown holding a sceptre and the ankh sign of life. At times she was worshiped as a lion along with her brother she(Fletcher, 2009). Thoth, disguised, eventually succeeded in convincing her to return. She was portrayed as both the left and right ‘Eyes of Ra’, an auspicious symbol of power and protection in ancient Egypt. According to scholars, this myth actually represents the then present condition of Egypt when it was suffering from drought. civilization | Examples of those goddesses were. Tefnut could be pictured as a rearing cobra, so she was connected with the Uraeus (snake) on the crown. Ancient Egypt. var gaJsHost = (("https:" == document.location.protocol) ? Also, she is part of the Ennead of Heliopolis – a group of nine famous gods who were fervently revered in ancient Egypt. YOUR HISTORY. Shu could also be represented as a lion, or with a more elaborate feathered headdress. Shu was seen with between one and four feathers. Eventually Ra decided that he missed her, and wanted her back. As with other water deities, she took on some form of a goddess of creation. It is said she was spat out by Atum. "); It can also be a reference to how Ra created her. In the view, the main focus was on the Emergence and the development of Sun god Atum. She was one of the original deities - one of the Ennead - in the various versions of creation, and she was the first mother, according to these stories. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ancientegyptianfacts_com-box-4','ezslot_8',129,'0','0']));Solar disc resting on her head in her depiction actually shows her solar origin. The name Tefnut comes the words ‘tefen’ that means to split or eject something from the body and ‘nu’ that means ‘sky, waters’. Tefnut family tree | Tefnut is famous for being a member of the nine Ennead gods of Heliopolis in ancient Egyptian religion. Shu and Ancient Egyptians believed that Tefnut was the twin sister of Shu. "https://ssl." In the end Tefnut (with Shu and Thoth leading her) made a triumphant entry back into Egypt, accompanied by a host of Nubian musicians, dancers and baboons. So widespread was her worship that the city was sometimes called ‘The House of Tefnut’, Tags: Ancient Egyptian godsAncient Egyptian religionRaShuTefnut, Your email address will not be published. "O Amen-Ra, the gods have gone forth from thee. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account.  He was the god of peace, lions, air, and wind. Her cult centres were m Heliopolis Leontopolis. Here she is an integral member of ‘Ennade’, the nine, most important gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt in the cosmology of Heliopolitan view. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ancientegyptianfacts_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_6',131,'0','0']));It did not deny the existence of other deities and believed in the myth of solar origin about the birth of the universe. The Oxford companion to world mythology. ( Log Out / Shu and Tefnut are considered to be the first couple to engage in sexual relations, thus starting the cycle of procreation and birth (Hornung, 1996). Upon seeing his children, Ra is believed to have wept. It was a city where all the lion-headed and cat-headed deities associated with the sun god Ra, were worshipped. In one account of the story, Tefnut and Shu were born after Ra sneezed. YOUR COUNTRY. There were also some alternative names of Tefnut such as Tefnet, Tefenet etc. The appearance of Tefnut came with different types of depiction. Most of the time she is depicted as a human with a head of a lioness. Shu (Egyptian šw, "emptiness" or "he who rises up") was one of the primordial Egyptian gods, spouse and brother to goddess Tefnut, and one of the nine deities of the Ennead of the Heliopolis cosmogony.  . Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Thoth began at once to try and persuade her to return to Egypt. Their union produced two deities – Nut (the goddess of the sky) and Geb (the god of the earth). Tefnut was generally considered as an ancient Egyptian Goddess of moisture, rain and water.  Shu was also portrayed in art as wearing an ostrich feather. So. Tefnut is also one manifestation of the Eye of Ra. Tefnut (tfnwt) is a deity of moisture, moist air, dew and rain in Ancient Egyptian religion. The text states; "Tefen and Tefnut have weighed Unas and Ma´at has listened, and Shu has born witness." There are also some other depictions of Tefnut. Yet in the cities of Iunu (On, Heliopolis) and Waset (Thebes) she was more of a female form of her husband-brother Shu, whose main task was to start the sexual, creative cycle and give birth to Shu's children. Your email address will not be published. Tefnut was generally shown as a woman with a lion's head, or as a full lioness. Akenaten was not a monotheist - despite raising the Aten above all other gods, and attempting to quash the worship of some other deities, Akenaten did not drop all links with other deities. Because of his position between the sky and earth, he was also known as the wind.. Tefnut was both the Left (moon) and the Right (sun) Eyes of Ra, representing both heavenly sources of light that the ancient Egyptians saw, and thus she was a goddess of both the sun and dryness, and the moon and moisture. Tefnut’s worship was also common in the city of Denderah (Iunet). She went from city to city, bringing back moisture and water (the inundation), amid great rejoicing, until finally she was reunited with her father, and restored to her rightful position as his Eye. Tefnut is generally depicted as woman with a lioness’ head. In such scenarios, she has been seen in similar light as the ferocious goddess Sekhmet. Temples dedicated to her were not so common in ancient Egypt. Required fields are marked *. Darvill, T. (2008). Often regarded by ancient Egyptians as one of the first gods created by Ra at the beginning of time, Tefnut was a very important goddess. And brother and sister were born – that is Shu and Tefnut.”(Wattersons, 2003), and so begins the history of Tefnut. Tefnut and her brother, as well as husband Shu, produced two children that were Geb, the deity of earth and Nut, the deity of the sky. She is often depicted holding the Ankh, the key of life, which represents the eternal life.
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