Just as in real life or non-fiction, genderlect tends to be reflected in the discourse of movie characters as determined by their ethnic, linguistic or cultural backgrounds or affiliations. There is the view that women use tag questions more to get a confirmation of a personal opinion. 1998. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Expressions of approximation. But I think does not always indicate insecurity; rather, it may be used when the speaker is trying to protect herself from possible indictment of falsehood, slander or generalisation. Yoyin’s mum: Ile yin rewa o, lai ti wo ayika. The results of our analysis showing significant differences between men and women in the use of intensifiers, taboo words, hedges, question tags, minimal responses and polite words in our data are summarized in Tables 1a and 1b indicating the frequency and percentage of usage. New York: Quill. abi? Cambridge University Press. The question of tag questions in women’s speech. For example, Damola humorously expressed his affection toward a woman in the following excerpt: Damola: Oluwa o, ewo idi yi. These variables were studied, analyzed and represented qualitatively and quantitatively under the form of frequency count, percentage represented in tables, chi-square analysis and charts. We define corruption as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain. Psychological Bulletin 86: 217-224. Some lexical hedges were used in the movies to express a limitation of some sort. In this light, we attempt to examine the possible gender differences in language use and the functions of some linguistic features in Yoruba movies based on social constructivism theory and relevant tools of discourse analysis. This classification enables us to analyse the lexical hedges more effectively by comparing differences between males and females. M: Esa je kama gbadura fun won okere opo (Well, let’s just keep praying for them, whether little or much). What this means is that meaning is created through language depending on how people use concepts and what the meanings of these concepts are. The data were sourced from selected Yoruba movies. (ed.) In this regard, series of films were viewed on DSTV Channels, especially on African Magic Yoruba, Okin TV, Galaxy Tv and lots more. Effects of Speech style and sex of Speaker on person perception. Findings from early works simply indicate changes and differences which can be observed in genderlect. (Mmm, is he a national hero? Accessed 5 Nov. 2020. 6.2. M-Ijaola: oma n wumi ki omoge ri rumu rumu bayi (I love to see a cute and chubby damsel). In other words, fresh insights have been gained on the various ways in which males and females verbally interact with one another and on the discourse problems that occur in the process. M:min mo, odabi eni wipe oo ti sure (I don’t know…it seems you’re not sure yet). (Well, I am somehow happy. Brown, G. & G. Yule. This may be the main reason for the widespread interest in movies among people of various social groups globally, as aptly observed by Bleichenbacher (2008:21). Coulthard, M. 1977. This difference can be attributed to different cultural norms/ways of talking or conversing in Yoruba and English. The Media are Ruining English. Effects of gender-linked language differences in adults’ written discourse: multivariate tests of language effects, Language and Communication, 14: 299-309. From our observations it is clear that genderlect in form of linguistic variables in the selected movies could provide substantive evidence that underlies differences in the speech of male and female movie characters. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know what languages these words come from? In the data, these expressions were regularly used to soften critical comments. I wish I could have a feel of it). The analysis of Yoruba discourse in the movies may present clearly a new perspective and understanding of the language, its use as well as its functions. Applied sociolinguistics. Find more Yoruba words at wordhippo.com! This seems to confirm previous research which shows that women use hedges in ways other than an indication of weakness. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. 1922. For example, women are under pressure in patriarchal societies and are expected to be ladylike, so they have to behave more politely than men. Just as “dialect” is defined as a variety of language of a people in a specific geographical area, genderlect can be defined as a variety of a language that is tied not to any geographical location or family background or a role but rather to the speaker’s gender. Tag questions are used by both male and female characters in the movies to perform the following functions: Well, inu mi ndun bakan sa. Coupland, N. 2007. Below are some samples illustrating the use of the forms by both male and female characters (M= male character/speech; F= female character/speech). Also, in the movie Oga when Shina Ayo’s mother came to talk with Yoyin’s parents, both female speakers use polite words in their speech to each other. Johnstone, B. Media/Impact: an Introduction to Mass Media. 1989. Researchers such as Maltz and Borker (1982), Tannen (1990), Wardhaugh (1991), Coates (1993), Trudgill (1974) and Swann (2000) have observed that men and women differ significantly in their use of language and that these differences are always a product of context. London: Sage. Men use them to reinforce what is being said as well. Poole, M.E. A Comparative Study of Politeness Phenomena in Nigerian English, Yoruba and Ogori. ____ 1990 . These traits may be responsible for the obviously different views which men and women have of the same or similar situation (Tannen 1990:42). 2008. This is especially true when they speak their native language, although many of these characteristics have been carried into their English language usage. Tubingen: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag. All the women here used what is called empty adjectives and politeness markers to describe one another (Lakoff 1975). What this means, in practice, is that all the hedges in this category limit the scope of the utterance and thus soften the content of a critical comment. Their genderlect is examined and investigated in terms of their use of minimal responses, intensifiers, hedges, tag questions, polite and taboo words. This result shows that there is a significant difference in the usage of these variables by the male and female characters. Oy definition is - —used especially to express exasperation or dismay. This paper offers an analysis of gender discourse of Yoruba male and female movie characters. Sexism in the English Language. The analysis also reveals that women use hedges, polite words and minimal responses more than men as a result of the socio-cultural factors in the Yoruba setting. New York: Academic Press. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? I mean pe emi nikan lo rewa ju l’oju e laarin gbogbo wa. How to use oy in a sentence. I mean that I am the most beautiful of all of us here to him! There is also the view that men do not use tag questions as often as women as well as the one that says they do (McMillan, Clifton, McGrath & Gale 1977; Mulac & Lundell 1986). Men also use taboo words and intensifiers more than women as a consequence of the value that has been placed on men in Yoruba culture. Isn’t it?). For example, there are different opinions as regards the use of intensifiers, tag questions, minimal responses, euphemisms, polite words, and other forms. According to Jay (1999:84), there are many reasons for people to use taboo words; people have a desire to express their feelings, relieve their negative stress and establish their identities and status through their speech.