In a speech on April 14, 1906 on the occasion of dedicating the House of Representatives office building, he drew on a character from John Bunyan's 1678 classic, Pilgrim's Progress, saying: ...you may recall the description of the Man with the Muck-rake, the man who could look no way but downward with the muck-rake in his hands; who was offered a celestial crown for his muck-rake, but who would neither look up nor regard the crown he was offered, but continued to rake to himself the filth of the floor.. Many other works by muckrakers brought to light a variety of issues in America during the Progressive era. In a 1906 speech, President Teddy Roosevelt recalled Bunyan's words while railing against journalists he thought focused too much on exposing corruption in business and government. The Great American Fraud (1905) by Samuel Hopkins Adams revealed fraudulent claims and endorsements of patent medicines in America. Course Documents > Progressive/Muckraker Primary Sources. Thesis Example. SpartacusEducational.com. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. During the Progressive Era, intrepid reporters exposed misdeeds in business and poor living conditions in American cities. The other magazines associated with muckraking journalism were American Magazine (Lincoln Steffens), Arena (G. W. Galvin and John Moody), Collier's Weekly (Samuel Hopkins Adams, C.P. . Their books, newspaper articles and photographs led to the formation of pressure groups … Definition and Summary of the Muckrakers Summary and Definition: The "Muckrakers" were crusading journalists, photographers and authors who published their work in order to raise awareness of awareness of social issues and injustices.Other muckrakers highlighted the weaknesses in the political system. Their work reached a mass audience as circulation figures of the magazines rose on account of visibility and public interest. Judson A. Grenier, "Muckraking the muckrakers: Upton Sinclair and his peers." muckrake and John Bunyan That's when John Bunyan used it in Pilgrim's Progress to represent man's preoccupation with earthly things.  The term is a reference to a character in John Bunyan's classic Pilgrim's Progress, "the Man with the Muck-rake", who rejected salvation to focus on filth. Sept. 5, 2020. , Magazines were the leading outlets for muckraking journalism. By definition Muckrakers was the name given to US journalists and other writers who exposed corruption in politics and business in the early 20th century. The magazine's pool of writers were associated with the muckraker movement, such as Ray Stannard Baker, Burton J. Hendrick, George Kennan (explorer), John Moody (financial analyst), Henry Reuterdahl, George Kibbe Turner, and Judson C. Welliver, and their names adorned the front covers. AP.USH: KC‑7.1.II.A (KC), PCE (Theme), Unit 7: Learning Objective D. During the Progressive Era, intrepid reporters exposed misdeeds in business and poor living conditions in American cities.  Other titles of interest include Chatauquan, Dial, St. Nicholas. This work was a keystone in the creation of the Seventeenth Amendment which established the election of Senators through popular vote. Some today use "investigative journalism" as a synonym for muckraking.  Manufacturers sold it at an obscene price and hence made immense profits. “Muckrake.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/muckrake. Introduction to the age of empire. Lincoln Steffens published "Tweed Days in St. Louis", in which he profiled corrupt leaders in St. Louis, in October 1902, in McClure's Magazine.  This later led to the publication of the book A Mad World and Its Inhabitants (1876). For the band, see, For the song by King Gizzard & the Lizard Wizard, see. According to Fred J. Cook, the muckrakers' journalism resulted in litigation or legislation that had a lasting impact, such as the end of Standard Oil's monopoly over the oil industry, the establishment of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, the creation of the first child labor laws in the United States around 1916. Thesis Writing Documents. They typically had large audiences in popular magazines. While the muckrakers continued the investigative exposures and sensational traditions of yellow journalism, they wrote to change society. Many of the non-striking workers had no special training or knowledge in mining, since they were simply farmers looking for work. "The Treason of the Senate: Aldrich, the Head of it All", by David Graham Phillips, published as a series of articles in Cosmopolitan magazine in February 1906, described corruption in the U.S. Senate. Get Word of the Day delivered to your inbox! This exposure contributed heavily to the creation of the Pure Food and Drug Act alongside Upton Sinclair's work. in David R Colburn and Sandra Pozzetta, eds., "A New Hospital for the Insane" (Dec. 1876), sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFSteffens1958 (, Stephen E. Lucas, "Theodore Roosevelt's 'the man with the muck‐rake': A reinterpretation.".  By the 1900s, magazines such as Collier's Weekly, Munsey's Magazine and McClure's Magazine were already in wide circulation and read avidly by the growing middle class. It once had nothing to do with muck or rakes. This article shed light on the many false claims that pharmaceutical companies and other manufacturers would make as to the potency of their medicines, drugs and tonics. Some of the key documents that came to define the work of the muckrakers were: Ray Stannard Baker published "The Right to Work" in McClure's Magazine in 1903, about coal mine conditions, a coal strike, and the situation of non-striking workers (or scabs).
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