���"59d���/��H��p��s��7��.���š�����E�����O}����v�����s3fy��.�?��q�������o�n� ����'s�w��7��:�����d mystery religion During the Hellenistic Age, religions that promised their faithful followers eternity in a state of bliss. Middle Kingdom Term applied to the rich agricultural lands of the Yangtze River valley under the Zhou dynasty. *AP & Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this site. local rulers on the island of Honshu recognized the emperor as Japan's supreme political authority, but, unlike China, Japanese emperors rarely ruled; they only acted as figure heads. Allah The god of the Muslims; Arabic word for “god.”. liberalism An Enlightenment philosophy that favored civil rights, the protection of private property, and representative government. indentured servitude The practice of contracting with a master to provide labor for a specified period of years in exchange for passage and living expenses. International Space Station A vehicle sponsored by sixteen nations that circles the earth while carrying out experiments. %PDF-1.6 %���� Treaty of Tordesillas The 1494 treaty in which the pope divided unexplored territories between Spain and Portugal. Hadith A collection of the sayings and deeds of Muhammad. mita A labor system used by Andean societies in which community members shared work owed to rulers and the religious community. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Organization formed in 1960 by oil-producing countries to regulate oil supplies and prices. Anschluss The German annexation of Austria prior to World War II. Noted mathematician al- khwarizmi worked there n contributed to development of algebra . Berlin Conference (1884 to 1885) Meeting of European imperialist powers to divide Africa among them. universal male suffrage The right of all males within a given society to vote. Twelve Tables The codification of Roman law during the republic. Neo-Confucianism A philosophy that blended Confucianism with Buddhism thought. The branch of Islam that believes in a more mystical connection with Allah. latifundia Large landholdings in the Roman Empire and in Latin America. No theater The classical Japanese drama with music and dances performed on a simple stage by elaborately dressed actors. economic liberalism The economic philosophy that government intervention in and regulation of the economy should be minimal. mandate A type of colony in which the government is overseen by another nation, as in the Middle Eastern mandates placed under European control after World War I. philosophes French Enlightenment social philosophers. people on the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia`, A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water, Southeast Asian sailors who traveled the Indian Ocean; by 500 C.E., they had colonized Madagascar, introducing the cultivation of the banana. quipus A system of knotted cords of different sizes and colors used by the Incas for keeping records. caliph The chief Muslim political and religious leader. May Fourth Movement A 1919 protest in China against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign influence. estates The divisions of society in prerevolutionary France. kowtow A ritualistic bow practiced in the Chinese court. Cold War The tense diplomatic relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. Mamluks Turkic military slaves who formed part of the army of the Abbasid Caliphate in the ninth and tenth centuries; they founded their own state in Egypt and Syria from the thirteenth to the early sixteenth centuries. welfare state A nation in which the government plays an active role in providing services such as social security to its citizens. euro The standard currency introduced and adopted by the majority of members of the European Union in January 2002. an economic system in the Middle Ages that was built around large estates called manors. entrepreneurship The ability to combine the factors of land, labor, and capital to create factory production. Renaissance The revival of learning in Europe beginning about 1300 and continuing to about 1600. reparations The payment of war debts by the losing side. Helsinki Accords A 1975 political and human rights agreement signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Western European countries and the Soviet Union. Vedas The oral hymns to the Aryan deities, later written down, that formed the basis of the Hindu beliefs during the Vedic Age (1500–500 BCE). Boer War (1899 to 1902) War between the British and the Dutch over Dutch independence in South Africa; resulted in British victory. Quechua Andean society also known as the Inca. � �� �l4�H^�la�+�th�!��p�$�+�[�w?�Q�.��3.�D�jvQF[Ԝ�����=�r��qX�v�}/��Ԛ���V���Es��C�z�y:�Zܺ�S �@��2�G-�>��nh�9���o.� �Yd/|-��"C~�wQM�^iCel5��a���F=sŽ|`t�T�c��o:In�{4�.��\�"�'o��? Malay sailors Southeast Asian sailors who traveled the Indian Ocean; by 500 CE, they had colonized Madagascar, introducing the cultivation of the banana. perspective An artistic technique commonly used in Renaissance painting that gave a three-dimensional appearance to works of art. Turkic language with a long literary tradition spoken in xinjiang, established regional trade centers, where copper, gold, silver, lead, gum copal pottery, beads, and bronze came from Cambodia, China, Arabia, Egypt, Yemen, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Indian subcontinent, merchant communities that introduced their own cultures into other areas. hijrah The flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina; the first year in the Muslim calendar. Ohio History 4th Grade Textbook, Slavs Aoe2 Counter, Danube Crested Newt, Maumahara Noa Ahau, David Lochary Cause Of Death, Launch Crp429c Manual, Z Dawn Wiki, Suikoden 5 Cheats Pcsx2, " />

malay sailors ap world history

Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen A statement of the rights of women written by Olympe de Gouges in response to the Declaration of the Rights of Man. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) An organization that prohibits tariffs and other trade barriers among Mexico, the United States, and Canada. Prague Spring A 1968 program of reform to soften socialism in Czechoslovakia; it resulted in the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. Tanzimat reforms Nineteenth-century reforms by Ottoman rulers designed to make the government and military more efficient. A very large flatbottom sailing ship produced in the Tang and Song Empires, specially designed for long-distance commercial travel. age grade An age group into which children were placed in Bantu societies of early sub-Saharan Africa; children within the age grade were given responsibilities and privileges suitable for their age and in this manner were prepared for adult responsibilities. cuneiform A system of writing originating in Mesopotamia in which a wedge-shaped stylus was used to press symbols into clay. Gran Colombia The temporary union of the northern portion of South America after the independence movements led by Simón Bolívar; ended in 1830. Russification A tsarist program that required non-Russians to speak only Russian and provided education only for those groups loyal to Russia. Pax Romana The Roman Peace; the period of prosperity and stability throughout the Roman Empire in the first two centuries CE. Marshall Plan A U.S. plan to support the recovery and reconstruction of Western Europe after World War II. ziggurat A multitiered pyramid constructed by Mesopotamians. zaibatsu A large industrial organization created in Japan during the industrialization of the late nineteenth century. umma The community of all Muslim believers. Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen A statement of political rights adopted by the French National Assembly during the French Revolution. United Nations The international organization founded in 1945 to establish peace and cooperation among nations. democracy A political system in which the people rule. proletariat In Marxist theory, the class of workers in an industrial society. Believers seek enlightenment and the overcoming of suffering. Reconquista (Reconquest) The recapture of Muslim-held lands in Spain by Christian forces; it was completed in 1492. A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches. Malay sailors Southeast Asian sailors who traveled the Indian Ocean; by 500 CE, they had colonized Madagascar, introducing the cultivation of the banana. League of Nations International organization founded after World War I to promote peace and cooperation among nations. separation of powers The division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. endstream endobj 311 0 obj <>stream extraterritoriality The right of foreigners to live under the laws of their home country rather than those of the host country. Persian Gulf War The 1991 war between Iraq and a U.S.-led coalition to liberate Kuwait from an Iraqi invasion. nonalignment The policy of some developing nations to refrain from aligning themselves with either the United States or the Soviet Union during the cold war. Six-Day War A brief war between Israel and a number of Arab states in 1967; during this conflict, Israel took over Jerusalem, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula, and the West Bank. Russo-Japanese War (1904 to 1905) War between Japan and Russia over Manchurian territory; resulted in the defeat of Russia by the Japanese navy. kulaks Russian peasants who became wealthy under Lenin’s New Economic Policy. Monroe Doctrine (1823) Policy issued by the United States in which it declared that the Western Hemisphere was off limits to colonization by other powers. Gothic architecture Architecture of twelfth-century Europe, featuring stained-glass windows, flying buttresses, tall spires, and pointed arches. Columbian Exchange The exchange of food crops, livestock, and disease between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres after the voyages of Columbus. bushido The code of honor of the samurai of Japan. Chinese records indicate that by the 3rd century B.C.E., “Kunlun” sailors [the Chinese term for Malay seamen] were sailing north to the southern coasts of China. H�\��j�0����l/�g4ӂ �I��6���Jjhd�8y���)]XC��ؚ�t��v�ɕ?�����}�R���w�>��u};}������2o��.S8��q(�ڕ���˔n���(�.�>��ݟ��ޕ��8~�s��[���u�}k���9�r������~�=�=���}����%eڡ��iCj�)�"_kW��k]�����+���{����ˋE^2/�K�� �!o�[��J~��s�z�. slash-and-burn cultivation An agricultural method in which farmers clear fields by cutting and burning trees, then use the ashes as fertilizer. Sought by navigators since the 16th century. Western Europe Renaissance means rebirth an era which emphasizes education art; Syosset High School; HISTORY AP WORLD - Fall 2018. lateen sail A triangular sail attached to a short mast. Malay sailors in East Africa: The regular wind patterns of the monsoons in the Indian Ocean allowed for fairly easy and consistent travel. Drop us a note and let us know which textbooks you need. Boxer Rebellion (1898) Revolt against foreign residents of China. Hellenistic Age The era (c. 323 to 30 BCE) in which Greek culture blended with Persian and other Eastern influences spread throughout the former empire of Alexander the Great. Five-Year Plans Plans for industrial production first introduced to the Soviet Union in 1928 by Stalin; they succeeded in making the Soviet Union a major industrial power by the end of the 1930s. patriarchal Pertaining to a social system in which the father is the head of the family. indulgence A document whose purchase was said to grant the bearer the forgiveness of sins. mosque The house of worship of followers of Islam. *AP and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this web site. service industries Occupations that provided a service rather than a manufactured or agricultural product. capital The money and equipment needed to engage in industrialization. Ten Commandments The moral law of the Hebrews. Unit 3. shariah The body of law that governs Muslim society. oracle bones Animal bones or shells used by Chinese priests to receive messages from the gods. harem A household of wives and concubines in the Middle East, Africa, or Asia. a former Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead as a sign of respect or submission. originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native. H�\��n�0E�|�������"�Hi�JY�Mf>���"59d���/��H��p��s��7��.���š�����E�����O}����v�����s3fy��.�?��q�������o�n� ����'s�w��7��:�����d mystery religion During the Hellenistic Age, religions that promised their faithful followers eternity in a state of bliss. Middle Kingdom Term applied to the rich agricultural lands of the Yangtze River valley under the Zhou dynasty. *AP & Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this site. local rulers on the island of Honshu recognized the emperor as Japan's supreme political authority, but, unlike China, Japanese emperors rarely ruled; they only acted as figure heads. Allah The god of the Muslims; Arabic word for “god.”. liberalism An Enlightenment philosophy that favored civil rights, the protection of private property, and representative government. indentured servitude The practice of contracting with a master to provide labor for a specified period of years in exchange for passage and living expenses. International Space Station A vehicle sponsored by sixteen nations that circles the earth while carrying out experiments. %PDF-1.6 %���� Treaty of Tordesillas The 1494 treaty in which the pope divided unexplored territories between Spain and Portugal. Hadith A collection of the sayings and deeds of Muhammad. mita A labor system used by Andean societies in which community members shared work owed to rulers and the religious community. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Organization formed in 1960 by oil-producing countries to regulate oil supplies and prices. Anschluss The German annexation of Austria prior to World War II. Noted mathematician al- khwarizmi worked there n contributed to development of algebra . Berlin Conference (1884 to 1885) Meeting of European imperialist powers to divide Africa among them. universal male suffrage The right of all males within a given society to vote. Twelve Tables The codification of Roman law during the republic. Neo-Confucianism A philosophy that blended Confucianism with Buddhism thought. The branch of Islam that believes in a more mystical connection with Allah. latifundia Large landholdings in the Roman Empire and in Latin America. No theater The classical Japanese drama with music and dances performed on a simple stage by elaborately dressed actors. economic liberalism The economic philosophy that government intervention in and regulation of the economy should be minimal. mandate A type of colony in which the government is overseen by another nation, as in the Middle Eastern mandates placed under European control after World War I. philosophes French Enlightenment social philosophers. people on the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia`, A narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water, Southeast Asian sailors who traveled the Indian Ocean; by 500 C.E., they had colonized Madagascar, introducing the cultivation of the banana. quipus A system of knotted cords of different sizes and colors used by the Incas for keeping records. caliph The chief Muslim political and religious leader. May Fourth Movement A 1919 protest in China against the Treaty of Versailles and foreign influence. estates The divisions of society in prerevolutionary France. kowtow A ritualistic bow practiced in the Chinese court. Cold War The tense diplomatic relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II. Mamluks Turkic military slaves who formed part of the army of the Abbasid Caliphate in the ninth and tenth centuries; they founded their own state in Egypt and Syria from the thirteenth to the early sixteenth centuries. welfare state A nation in which the government plays an active role in providing services such as social security to its citizens. euro The standard currency introduced and adopted by the majority of members of the European Union in January 2002. an economic system in the Middle Ages that was built around large estates called manors. entrepreneurship The ability to combine the factors of land, labor, and capital to create factory production. Renaissance The revival of learning in Europe beginning about 1300 and continuing to about 1600. reparations The payment of war debts by the losing side. Helsinki Accords A 1975 political and human rights agreement signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Western European countries and the Soviet Union. Vedas The oral hymns to the Aryan deities, later written down, that formed the basis of the Hindu beliefs during the Vedic Age (1500–500 BCE). Boer War (1899 to 1902) War between the British and the Dutch over Dutch independence in South Africa; resulted in British victory. Quechua Andean society also known as the Inca. � �� �l4�H^�la�+�th�!��p�$�+�[�w?�Q�.��3.�D�jvQF[Ԝ�����=�r��qX�v�}/��Ԛ���V���Es��C�z�y:�Zܺ�S �@��2�G-�>��nh�9���o.� �Yd/|-��"C~�wQM�^iCel5��a���F=sŽ|`t�T�c��o:In�{4�.��\�"�'o��? Malay sailors Southeast Asian sailors who traveled the Indian Ocean; by 500 CE, they had colonized Madagascar, introducing the cultivation of the banana. perspective An artistic technique commonly used in Renaissance painting that gave a three-dimensional appearance to works of art. Turkic language with a long literary tradition spoken in xinjiang, established regional trade centers, where copper, gold, silver, lead, gum copal pottery, beads, and bronze came from Cambodia, China, Arabia, Egypt, Yemen, Thailand, Vietnam, and the Indian subcontinent, merchant communities that introduced their own cultures into other areas. hijrah The flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina; the first year in the Muslim calendar.

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