All volunteering Muslims worked during the day and returned home at night. Nuaym understood what the Prophet wanted from him. ‘Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi rajiun!’ (To God we belong and to Him is our return!) The Muslim camp, however, was sheltered from such winds. Hazrat Ali said, “O Amr! Only one part was not wide enough because they were in a hurry. It was during the second attempt of the attack by Sons of Qurayza. The Battle of Khandaq or the battle of the trench is an important battle of the Islamic history. Banu Qurayzah, who were a group among the Jews, had a fortress in the south-east of Al-Madinah, and they had made a treaty with the Prophet and were under his protection. The Sayyed shed light on all the phases of the battle, and deduced their lessons. Don’t weaken their confidence. If Sons of Qurayza ask you to give some of your notables as hostages, never send any of your notables to them!”. Horses and camels were dying of hunger and wounds. they came on you from above you and from below you, and behold, the eyes became dim and the hearts gaped up to the throats, and ye imagined various (vain) thoughts about Allah! MCE Newsletter. Several prominent religious scholars, dignitaries and thousands of believers attended the Jumua prayer. The other cavalrymen of the Quraysh were terrified and started to flee on their horses. Such a great testing discriminated between the believers and the munafiqs. In December 626 the army, which was led by Abu Sufyan, marched on Medina. ye cannot stand (the attack)! Thereupon, the Prophet, “It is plenty of food and it is very nice. 8-A miracle then took place. I said to her 'You poor soul, what is to happen to you?' He took a piece of long wood and went out of the manor. God gave the keys of the cities you conquered and the cities that will be conquered until Doomsday to Muhammad (pbuh) beforehand” when he saw those conquests.. 3-Mount Dhubab (also known as Mount Ra’yah) is where a famous miracle took place during the digging of the trench. On the other hand, the harvest had been gathered and the besiegers had some trouble finding food for their horses, which proved of no use to them in the attack. There were about three hundred of us. clans) the Prophet said, (After this battle) we will go to attack them (i.e. The name Ahzab (groups) was given to the battle because along with he Qurayshi polytheists, Jews, Ghatafans and many other Arab tribes and groups came together in order to attack Madinah. Guard this place’. Abdullah bin Abu Aufa reported: 24/08/2012 A.D 06/10/1433 H: His Eminence, Sayyed Ali Fadlullah, delivered the two Friday prayer sermons at the Imamain Al-Hassanain Mosque, Shawwal 6th 1433H. This attack made Muslims fearful. Thereupon he said: By Allah, Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) addressed me saying: I would sacrifice for thee my father and my mother. Amr’s head was cut off. H, 7 Mosques of Madina built during the Battle of Khandaq, 10 Facts about the Battle of Tabuk every Muslim should know, 6 Facts about the Battle of Hunayn every Muslim should know, 6 Facts about the Battle of Mutah every Muslim should know, 10 Facts about the Battle of Khyber every Muslim should know. Lessons from Al-Khandaq Battle. It was one third of the number of the enemy army. A party among them said: "Ye men of Yathrib! Although the original work is lost, portions of it survive in the recensions of Ibn Hisham and Al-Tabari. In the first sermon, His Eminence, Sayyed Ali Fadlullah, talked about the Battle of the Trench (Al-Khandaq). Even though Banu Qurayza and the Muslims had signed a peace treaty, they betrayed the treaty and offered assistance to Bani Nadir. After their flight from Mecca, the Muslims fought the Meccan Quraysh at the Battle of Badr in 624, and at the Battle of Uhud in 625. 4, p. 262. In today’s seerah dars, we learned of the leadership example that was given by Rasulullah SAW: Whilst the Sahaabah were digging the trench, Rasulullah SAW was digging the trench with them. The efforts to bring the army together were unsuccessful. By Allah,('Ã'isha adds) I shall never forget her cheerfulness and her great laugh when she knew that she was to be killed. 3, p. 106; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, Vol. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. 2, p. 147-150. When it was decided unanimously that the city would be defended, the activity of digging trenches started immediately upon the order and advice of the Messenger of God. Notable sahaba and future caliphs, Abu Bakr, Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, and Ali Ibn Abi Talib fought at Badr, with the exception Uthman … Do not express it clearly lest people should feel scared and weak. The empty stomached Muslims with their high hopes (hopeful that they would be rewarded greatly in the hereafter) and determination (determined to provide services for sake of Islam) were able to dig the trench in only 6 days. Even though the task was difficult, the Muslims were determined to undergo hard-work for sake of rewards in the hereafter. The hostages shall not be given to them as they can send those hostages to the Muslims. But when you face the enemy, show patience and steadfastness; and keep it in mind that Jannah lies under the shade of the swords." He said to the delegates of Ghatafan, “You may leave now! They would not help the Qurayshi polytheists and those who helped them.. I swear by God that I see Muhammad’s cause as something clear and superior. He told that only the north of Madina is to be protected as the rest of the sides are fully protected through mountains and trees providing a natural boundary. He sent word to Ghatafan, trying to pay for their defection and offering them a third of Medina's date harvest if they withdrew. There were many other women and children in the manor along with Safiyya.  This contingent, the second largest, added a strength of about 2,000 men and 300 horsemen led by Unaina bin Hasan Fazari. Huyay bin Akhtab An-Nadari went to them and kept trying to persuade them until they broke the treaty and went over to the side of the Confederates against the Messenger of Allah . The most famous one of them was Amr b. Abdi Wadd. A strong storm and mighty winds headed towards the enemy and destroyed everything. , The final army that would defend the city from the invasion consisted of 3,000 men, and included all inhabitants of Medina over the age of 14, except the Banu Qurayza (the Qurayza did supply the Muslims with some instruments for digging the trench). Although everybody ate the meat and the bread, they remained the same. And he told them that if it is true, then hint it to me without letting others know. They never left the place even when they needed to leave without getting permission from the Prophet. The idolators came and made camp to the north of Al-Madinah, near Uhud, and some of them camped on the high ground overlooking Al-Madinah, as Allah says: (When they came upon you from above you and from below you,) The Messenger of Allah came out with the believers, who numbered nearly three thousand, or it was said that they numbered seven hundred. 7-When the Holy Prophet S.A.W saw the situation, he became worried.  They did not want to be a mere spectator to this situation, which could destroy them economically. , At about that point, Muhammad received a visit from Nuaym ibn Masud, an Arab leader who was well-respected by the entire confederacy, but who had, unknown to them, secretly converted to Islam. I am on foot your on horse back. , So far the Banu Qurayza had tried their best to remain neutral, and were very hesitant about joining the Confederates since they had earlier made a pact with Muhammad. The Prophet S.A.W asked him to somehow break the trust among the Confederates and the Banu Qurayza. Come on.” All of the people of Muhajirs and Ansar who were there stood up. Let us ask them whether we are Muhammad is on the right way or.”, Thereupon, Abu Sufyan said to them, “O Congregation of Jews! They could not pass the trench. This unexpected news distressed the Prophet. I swear by God that I see the gates of Sana now!”, All of the conquests informed by the Messenger of God took place during the periods of Hazrat Umar and Hazrat Uthman. The Muslims who worked without having a rest in order to finish digging as soon as possible did not have much food to eat. According to the narration of Ibn Sa’d and Tabari, it was a Turkish tent made of animal hair. The adopting is reflected in the Arabic word for this battle, khandaq (خندق), which is a borrowing via Aramaic from Pahlavi kandak. So the leader should have the highest spirit amongst the group. Recommended: 6-Towards the south, the Muslim women and children. Hazrat Abu Bakr was with him. Ibn Ishaq describes the killing of the Banu Qurayza men as follows: Then they surrendered, and the Apostle confined them in Medina in the quarter of d. al-Harith, a woman of B. al-Najjar. When it got dark, both parties went back to their headquarters. Nuaym then came up with an efficient stratagem. About ten Jews shot arrows at Hassan b. Thabit’s manor, in which Safiyya, the aunt of the Prophet was; they even tried to enter the manor. Those who help us in enmity to Muhammad are the most beloved and acceptable ones for us!”. The inauspicious idea, ‘walking all together against Madinah and eliminating the Messenger of God and Muslims’ was put forward by those Jews. The Jews wanted to take revenge from … Kister, "The Massacre of the Banu Quraiza", pp. Masjid Ra’yah (masjid of the flag) is situated on the top of Mount Dhubab. We could not break it. The Messenger of God settled the headquarters on the foot of the Mount Sal. 4. p. 282. They put the meat into an earthenware pot and made some dough. Hazrat Ali’s last sentence infuriated Amr a lot. Sahih al-Bukhari, 1:8:452, The Sahih al-Bukhari collection also mentions that after the battle, Muslims were to carry out offensive attacks against their enemies:, On the day of Al-Ahzab (i.e. The Messenger of God looked at them with compassion and mercy and prayed as follows: “O God! , The men – numbering between 400 and 900 – were bound and placed under the custody of Muhammad ibn Maslamah, while the women and children were placed under Abdullah ibn Salam, a former rabbi who had converted to Islam.. As a matter of fact, when Sa’d b. Muadh saw that some munafiqs asked for permission, he could not help saying, “O Messenger of God! He at one time leaned for me and I cast a glance and at another time I leaned for him and he would see and I recognised my father as he rode on his horse with his arms towards the tribe of Quraizah. He put some meat on a piece of bread and gave it to a Companion. There were three hundred horses and one hundred camels. , Muhammad attempted to hide his knowledge of the activities of Banu Qurayza; however, rumours soon spread of a massive assault on the city of Medina from Qurayza's side which severely demoralised the Medinans. I can do it. This went on until the Apostle made an end of them. However, the pot was still full and the bread was still there. He went to the Banu Qurayza and filled in with the fear that.  Another early source is the history of Muhammad's campaigns by al-Waqidi (d. In the second sermon, Sayyed Ali Fadlullah talked about the unity of all the forces of arrogance against the right. Defeat those tribes and shake them! Get of your horse and fight me on foot!”. What Hazrat Umar had said was true. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. If you had not shown us the true path, we would neither give sadaqah nor perform prayers. On the other hand, the Messenger of God stayed in the tent he had put up on a small hill day and night.
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