, By the end of October 2015, Yutu had set the record for the longest operational period of a rover on the Moon, though most of its time was spent immobile.  In October 2015, Yutu set the record for the longest operational period for a rover on the Moon. In 2018 the follow-on to the Yutu rover, the Yutu-2 rover, launched as part of the Chang'e 4 mission. Aspects of Yutu's design and several of its experiments may have been based on NASA's Mars Exploration Rovers. , The scientific objectives of Chang'e-3 mainly included lunar surface topography and geological survey, lunar surface material composition and resource survey, Sun-Earth-Moon space environment detection, and lunar-based astronomical observation. Many traditional customs practiced by Chinese people today all over the world are based on events and rituals that have been passed down through thousands of years of Chinese culture, and many originate around remembered events of great crisis or strife.Similarly, the tradition of giving mooncakes to friends, relatives and colleagues during the Mid-Autumn Festival is a reminder of the rebellion which succeeded in overthrowing the Mon… The Yutu rover has a mass of 140 kg (310 lb), with a payload capacity of 20 kg (44 lb). The moon rabbit was mentioned in the conversation between Houston and the Apollo 11 crew just before the first moon landing; see. The lander entered first entered a low-power state at around 11:00 am, UTC+8 on 25 December 2013, later executed by the rover at 5:23 am on 26 December 2013 to conserve power as no sunlight will be received by the lander and rover's solar panels for 14 consecutive days. Copyright ©2020 Shen Yun Performing Arts. , While amateur observers were unable to detect transmissions from the lander, Chinese officials reported that the craft was still operating its UV Camera and Telescope as it entered its 14th lunar night on 14 January 2015. This page was last edited on 4 December 2019, at 09:09. , During 15 April 2014, the Chang'e 3 mission, including its Yutu rover, witnessed a total eclipse of the Sun by the Earth from the surface of the Moon. The rabbit, however, was not burnt. The Chinese version of the story the Jade Emperor replaces Śakra. Knowing well enough that grass can’t be offered as food to humans, rabbit decided to offer its own body, sacrificing itself in the fire the man had started. , In addition to successfully deploying its robotic arm, Yutu completed diagnostic checks on 23 December 2013 to ensure that it was prepared for the upcoming lunar night, and moved about 40 metres south of the lander. It is said the lunar image is still draped in the smoke that rose when the rabbit cast itself into the fire. The Jade Rabbit, 玉兔 – Yùtù The Jade Rabbit is a character from Chinese folklore, who lives on the moon with Chang-e, and is always seen preparing the elixir of life for the immortals.  Chang'e 3 performed the first direct radar measurement of the structure and depth of the lunar soil down to a depth of 30 m (98 ft), and investigated the lunar crust structure down to several hundred meters deep. For 5,000 years, divine culture flourished in the land of China. Shen Yun, or 神韻, can be translated as: “The beauty of divine beings dancing.”, Houyi and Chang'e - the Goddess of the Moon. In this story, a big, bad toad wants to devour the Tang Monk. , The rover remained operational in December 2015 and continued to transmit data every lunar day. Jade Rabbit) was a robotic lunar rover that formed part of the Chinese Chang'e 3 mission to the Moon. The rover's name was selected in an online poll, and is a reference to the pet rabbit of Chang'e, the goddess of the Moon in Chinese mythology. , On 3 August 2016, it was reported that the rover had ceased to communicate with Chang'e 3 despite attempts to reestablish transmissions, effectively ending the mission.  The Planetary Society reported that the rover was not responding to commands from Earth correctly, rendering it unable to "prepare for the oncoming night properly. The earliest records suggesting that there is a rabbit on the moon appears in the Warring States period in ancient China. When the bunny isn’t busy making immortality elixirs, it keeps the beautiful goddess Chang’e company in the Moon Palace. Mission Control planned to extend Yutu's mission until it ceased to communicate, as it would provide valuable data on its components' endurance to the lunar environment. Han Dynasty poets call the rabbit on the moon the Jade Rabbit or the Gold Rabbit, so in the days of old people also use the words "Jade Rabbit" and "Gold Rabbit" to refer to the moon. Failure of communication attempts caused it to be declared permanently inoperative. Ancient China was a land where gods and mortals lived in tandem and created a divinely inspired culture. The APXS was the only payload on the robotic arm.. Energy was provided by two solar panels, allowing the rover to operate through lunar days.  On 25 January 2014, near the end of the second lunar day, China's state media announced that the rover had undergone a "mechanical control abnormality", as caused by the "complicated lunar surface environment". When an old man begged for food, the monkey gathered fruits from the trees and the otter collected dead fish from the river bank, while the jackal wrongfully pilfered a lizard and a pot of milk-cur…  Its wheel design is believed to have been considerably influenced by what was used on the Russian Lunokhod 1 rover.. However, in Japanese and Korean versions of the story, it is just pounding mochi or tteok. , On 11 January 2014, following the lunar night, the rover exited sleep mode and completed its first lunar soil inspection on 16 January 2014. A long time ago, there was a medicine god called Wú gāng (吳剛) in charge of making the elixir of immortality. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  Each camera pair was used to capture stereoscopic images, or for range imaging by triangulation. The Yutu rover carried a ground-penetrating radar and spectrometers to inspect the composition of the soil and the structure of the lunar crust beneath it. How the Jade Rabbit got to the moon Touched deeply by rabbit's selfless sacrifice, he sent it to the moon to become the immortal Jade Rabbit.  The mission marks the first soft landing on the Moon since 1976 and the first rover to operate there since the Soviet Lunokhod 2 ceased operations on 11 May 1973.. Our new “Mythistory” series introduces you to the main characters of the marvelous legends of China.  The lander also commenced diagnostics the following day. With a malicious, armed meta-toad on the loose things get pretty hectic. , On 12 February 2014, Command Control listened for all transmissions from Yutu after enduring its second lunar night. Shen Yun Performing Arts is the world's premier classical Chinese dance and music company, established in New York in 2006.  On 18 April 2014, Wang Jianyu, deputy secretary general of the Chinese Society of Space Research stated that the failure was not mechanical, but electrical, and they were looking to bypass it. Maybe that’s why the Jade Rabbit is on the moon—so that no matter where we are on Earth, we always have the ethics of righteousness and self-sacrifice to look up to. A number of these images have been released, including a stereoscopic view of the lander and videos of the rover in motion.  From 16 December 2013 to 20 December 2013, the rover remained immobile as its systems were partially powered down. When the bunny isn’t busy making immortality elixirs, it keeps the beautiful goddess Chang’e company in the Moon Palace. Monkey gathered fruit from the trees, and otter gathered fish from the river. The name of this story in Chinese is 玉兔, or 月兔. In East Asia, the Jade Rabbit is a widespread cultural symbol, and the various legends associated with this Eastern bunny differ from country to country.  China's lunar program spokesman Pei Zhaoyu declared that although Yutu was able to communicate, "it still suffers a mechanical control abnormality," rendering it immobile. The rover encountered operational difficulties toward the end of the second lunar day after surviving and recovering successfully from the first 14-day lunar night. The Chu Ci, a Western Han anthology of Chinese poems from the Warring States period, notes that along with a toad, there is a rabbit on the moon who constantly pounds herbs for the immortals. Crewed missions are in, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 14:47. Somehow, though, rabbit wasn’t burned. , The rover's ground penetrating radar found evidence for a minimum of 9 distinct rock layers, indicating that the area had surprisingly complex geological processes and is compositionally distinct from the Apollo and Luna landing sites. , The official mission objective was to achieve China's first soft-landing and roving exploration on the Moon, as well as to demonstrate and develop key technologies for future missions. Calling the moon its home, the Jade Rabbit is a mystical and enchanting Eastern legend. The American electronic music group Rabbit in the Moon gets its name from this legend. Calling the moon its home, the Jade Rabbit is a mystical and enchanting Eastern legend. , The planned landing site was announced to be Sinus Iridum.  The rover deployed from the lander and explored the lunar surface independently. And so it became that early Chinese history and mythology are wholly intertwined. Do you ever wonder who you were before you were resurrected? "What kind of harebrained scheme have you got in mind this time?"  On 17 December 2013, it was announced that all of the scientific instruments except the spectrometers were successfully activated, with both the lander and rover "functioning as hoped, despite the unexpectedly rigorous conditions of the lunar environment". From the people that brought you Lunal comes prescription-strength Immortalia: a revolutionary new combat elixir shown to relieve the crippling existential crises of your second life.  Yutu is also equipped with a robotic arm to position its APXS near a target sample. Rabbit though, could only gather grass. Both had to withstand the extreme cold of the two-week-long lunar nights.