This new breed, the American Guinea hog retained its black colour but lost the red tint and is sometimes called a black Guinea. If you do need to urge them forward or push them into an area, use a baffle board so that your legs are protected from potential bites or accidental grazing by tusks. These nicknames will be explained further under the next sections. Our pasture raised American Guinea Hog pork is available to our vegetable CSA members as an add-on item as half and whole hogs. Register now to get access to ALL current video workshops and prerecorded webinars plus anything new that we add through the end of 2020. The biggest challenge with raising the American Guinea hog is weight control — they put on weight more easily than other breeds. Daniel MacPhee and his daughter Annah, 3, stand with their recently purchased Guinea hog piglets at Blackbird Rise Farm in Palermo on Tuesday, Aug. 26, 2014. The yield ratio is proportionate. The original strain, although basically black, also had a hint of red and were consequently called "red Guineas"; that strain, well known at the beginning of the 19th century, is extinct. Whereas you may obtain about 130 lbs. • Storey’s Guide to Raising Pigs by Kelly Klober. Methionine's role in the body goes beyond protein synthesis. When deciding whether pigs will work for you, don’t assume all breeds are similar. Unfortunately the Red Guinea no longer exists, and its exact relationship with the American Guinea and what proportions of other breeds are in its background are not known for certain. Their moderate size, good temperament makes them ideal farm pigs. of meat off of an 8-month-old Red Wattle Hog, at about the same age, you might expect more like 15 - 20 lbs. Guinea Hogs can be big-boned, medium-boned, or fine-boned, with varying lengths of leg; this is probably because there was very little organised, selective breeding during its popularity, and it is suspected that there were a number of distinct American Guineas in the past. A single litter can have some size variation, so you Start by placing it in the enclosure with the pigs and feed them inside of it daily. 1. Pigs particularly like deep straw bedding (6 to 12 inches or more) and will keep their bedding areas clean of feces and urine if they have ample room to roam. One theory suggests the American Guinea hog could have a close association to the Improved Essex hog, a small British breed now extinct in the United Kingdom. The true African Guinea Hogs were large and called Red Guineas as their hair color was red or sandy. By the 1990s, there were fewer than 100 Guinea hogs left in the United States, and it is now considered one of the rarest heritage hog breeds. Also known as the Pineywoods Guinea, Guinea Forest Hog, Acorn Eater, and Yard Pig, the breed was once the most numerous pig breed found on homesteads in the Southeast. NOTE: Many choose to butcher younger, smaller hogs. There are two types of Guinea hog in North America, small-boned and large-boned Guinea hogs, the latter having longer legs. Cuts from the Guinea hog may be just the right size for smaller families. Despite its name, the breed is not from the country of Guinea, though the foundation stock was thought to be derived from West Africa. ©2000 ‐ 2020 ‐ Global Ag Media. Pineywoods Guinea, Yard Pig, Guinea Forest Hog, Acorn Eater, Upright ears, curly tail, hairy coat, straight to somewhat arched back, Calm, friendly, docile, excellent foragers, Feed on various plants, insects, mice, eggs, other small animals. In order to keep their weight and health in check the American Guinea Hog Association (AGHA) recommends raising them on pasture in season and quality hay in the winter with minimal supplementation. Pigs eat roughly 4 percent of their live weight daily — for instance, a 150-pound pig will require 5 to 6 pounds of high-calorie feed each day. Photos are courtesy of and copyright by the owners listed, and may not be reproduced without written permission by the owner. Lactating sows may require an additional 1 to 2 gallons per day. Guinea Hogs are small pigs compared to modern breeds; they weigh less than 200lbs and will yield 50-100lbs of meat and fat, and so are not used in commercial farming commonly, if at all. , Later they were crossed with other breeds, including Appalachian English pigs, Essex pigs, and West African dwarfs. , Guinea Hogs are one of many smaller breeds that are known to be kept as pets, though not as popular as the Potbelly pig or the Kunekune pig.. Required fields are marked *. One of the most imp…. These pigs are also known as the piney-woods guinea, forest Guinea hog, yard pig and acorn eaters. You can expect a butchering weight of approximately 120 to 150 pounds. A heritage hog breed, the American Guinea hog may be the best pig for your small homestead. A half hog or even a whole hog is a managable quantity of meat for a typical family. Nabhan and Dohner 2001 have 1991, though the Association official website has 2005. Raise these hogs on pasture for superb meat and charcuterie. Bite into a freshly-cooked AGH pork chop and you will encounter morsels of crisp, yet succulent fat and layers of luscious, tender meat. Red Guineas were common throughout the mid-Atlantic region during the 1800s, though the breed disappeared as a distinct population in the 1880s. During the Guinea hog’s heyday in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, most households were cooking with lard, and this breed produced it abundantly. The new breed known as the American Guinea hog retained its original black color, but was devoid of the red tint.  In 2005 the American Guinea Hog Association was formed which works to ensure its continued existence. The ideal enclosure replaces the solid barrier used in training with a fence of hog panels and a line of hot wire inside the fence about 6 inches off the ground. International Subscribers - Click Here The red Guinea no longer exists and its exact relationship with the American Guinea and what proportions of other breeds are in its background are not known for certain. Their meat is considered a gastronomical delight. They are even listed on the Slow Food USA’s Ark of Taste.. Pigs are kept in two types of outdoor free-range enclosures — dry lots and pasture. Ready-to-Harvest meat pigs (we can even help you harvest one here on the farm, or we can have it done at a local butcher for you). This rare and storied breed has a fascinating history. Another benefit of pasturing and foraging is that the pork will have higher levels of omega-3 fats, which are essential to a healthy diet for humans. The compact, genial Guinea hog may bring your family pleasure as well as pork. Chef Craig Deihl (pictured above) of Cypress restaurant in Charleston, S.C., was one of the first chefs to embrace the Guinea as a fine charcuterie pig with an ample supply of bright-white, flavorful lard. While most meat processors will have no issues with these smaller hogs, it’s wise to confer with your processor before you take your pig in for butchering. Your email address will not be published. Guinea Hogs are small pigs compared to modern breeds; they weigh less than 200lbs and will yield 50-100lbs of meat and fat, and so are not used in commercial farming commonly, if at all. During hot weather, provide ample water, shade and mud-bathing opportunities to keep the pigs comfortably cool. How big do Guinea Hogs get? Adult Guinea Hogs are about knee high to a typical adult man. This size variation impacts the amount of pork produced by each individual hog. As the use of lard diminished, so did the American Guinea hog’s numbers. Small packages of USDA inspected Guinea Hog Pork from our farm The American Guinea hog breed is said to have originated from West Africa with the African Guinea hog being their original breed which still exists up to this day. AGH pork is often described as sweet and buttery. Overly heavy pigs will have fertility issues and eventually will have joint problems and lameness. AGH pork is often described as sweet and buttery. At one year of age, you might receive 30 lbs. Each Guinea hog will require 3 to 5 gallons of clean, fresh water daily. Chefs have begun to sing the praises of the Guinea Hog from South Carolina to Chicago. The Guinea hog is actually officially named as the American Guinea hog after being crossbred with American breeds of pigs for many years. of meat from an American Guinea Hog (AGH). The shelter should be sufficient for all the pigs in your herd to fully stretch out, up to 10 square feet per hog. Stay tuned for the first newsletter in the morning, straight to your inbox. And beware: Hogs will always know if the electricity goes out before you do. Scientists have decoded the whole genetic make-up of pigs, Methionine functions in the metabolism The fat of the Guinea Hog is abundant and firm, and has found interest with chefs and butchers for making charcuterie (old world style cured meats). The name derives from the belief that the origins of the Guinea hog were from African Guinea, but its now thought that Guinea just implied small, like Guinea Cattle. Disclosure. The fat is a creamy, melts-in-your-mouth delight! One Guinea hog will yield 60 to 80 pounds of pork. Dry lots are open areas where groups of pigs can range together freely. Guinea hogs are making a comeback, thanks to the increasing demand for pastured pork and the rising popularity of charcuterie, or cured meats, such as ham, bacon and salami, as well as specialty cuts, such as lomo and prosciutto. Like to read more content, Join the Mother Earth News Community Today! Guinea Hogs have uniquely desirable flavour characteristics. The Benefits and Considerations, How to Prevent Pigs from Escaping and How to Catch Them, Butchering Your Own Farm-Raised Pig in 7 Simple Steps. Guinea Hogs are a lard style hog and build up fat with ease. Their fat is extremely desirable for lard and produces wonderfully marbled meat. These pigs were mainly kept on small farms and were used for meat and lard production, cross-breeding, and as yard pigs to till the garden and keep snakes away. What does American Guinea Hog pork taste like? The cuts of meat will be smaller. Shelter for your Guinea hogs needn't be fancy, especially if you plan to move the pigs frequently. Questions? The have an exceptionally tender meat and produce fine hams. The imports were documented as early as 1804 by Thomas Jefferson and other Virginia farmers; these large, square animals were called Red Guineas, because they had red or sandy-coloured hair. No part of this site may be reproduced without permission. However, that there is a relationship is shown by the occasional birth of a reddish pig to the normally bluish-black American Guinea parents. This will deter hogs from pushing on the panels or digging under them, and is also best for enclosing piglets. • American Guinea Hog Association, • Butchering Poultry, Rabbit, Lamb, Goat and Pork by Adam Danforth The flavorful Guinea has become the toast of Charleston, thanks to Deihl, and its fame has spread to restaurants throughout the South, from Georgia to Virginia. How to Wean Piglets for Maximum Health and Minimum Stress, Is It Okay to Feed Bread to Pigs? Depending on your herd size, you have two options for purchasing grain: If you have a small herd, stick with bagged food; with a larger herd, bulk purchases will be more cost-effective. Even with the finest pastures, your animals will need this supplemental feed; with high-quality forage, however, you can reduce supplemental feed by up to 10 percent. American Guinea Hogs produce pork with unparalleled flavor, texture, and quality – far superior to grocery store pork the meat is delectable with a hearty flavor profile the fat is a creamy, melts-in-your-mouth delight muscle:fat ratio is ideal for charcuterie They have provided their owners with valuable lard to cook with and flavorful meat for the table for thousands of years. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. The Guinea Hog is a small, black breed of swine that is unique to the United States. Chef Craig Deihl at Cypress restaurant in Charleston, South Carolina, compares a Guinea ham (left) and a Tamworthham. Again, this is one reason why the breed started to go out of style. All Rights Reserved. They are good as free-range foragers, but are also at home in a farmyard and are reasonably even-tempered.
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