The tobacco also depleted nutrients in the soil, and new land was continually needed for its cultivation. These colonists (who were not only British—or of British descent—but also German and Scots-Irish) farmed small plots of land which they owned. They attended meetings and listened to preachers. But as the population grew the colony was still nominally Protestants. on, New England vs. Chesapeake: Religion and People. Slaves brought their African knowledge which aided the development of rice and indigo growing. Because of its large reliance on labor for tobacco plantations that fueled the economy, the Chesapeake relied on indentured servants to work the land. Experienced slaves were brought from Africa to cultivate rice and indigo. The Catholics that had arrived to Maryland were escaping religious discrimination. However, the culture of the Southern and Chesapeake Colonies was different from that of the Northern and Middle Colonies and from that of their common British colonial power. Although it was intended as a refuge for Catholics a significant part of the population was Protestants and Protestants gained control of the colony during the English Civil Wars. The Chesapeake region was inhabited mostly by young men who come to the New World in pursuit of money. The two oldest colonies in the southern portion of English America—Virginia and Maryland—established the Church of England in the seventeenth century, in 1607 and 1692 respectively. Social reciprocity was also common where everything was equal among people. White indentured servants were also common in this region early in its settlement, gradually being replaced by African slaves by the latter half of the seventeenth century due to improved economic conditions in Europe and the resulting decrease in emigration to the Chesapeake region. Experienced slaves were brought from Africa to cultivate rice and indigo. Dorian Zimmerman These governors followed the orders of the king. Later the colonists demanded a court system known as General Court and a representative government. The colony of Maryland was intended as a sanctuary for Catholics after being mistreated when the Catholic Church separated from the Church of England. 4 Pages. The Chesapeake region had a one-crop economy, based on tobacco. Protestant was the religion that was prominent in the region. It appointed officials to run each section and they served as rulers away from home. There were also church courts that would condemn wrong doing. It stated how the Puritans would establish a civil government while still being loyal to the king. The council generally consisted of 12 upper class residents of their colony. Maryland had many Catholics. This was intended to promote settlement and ownership of small farms by several immigrants, from which staple crops such as indigo, rice, and especially tobacco could be grown for profit. The right to vote was based on land ownership. , In the early 17th century, Americans in Virginia and Maryland discovered tobacco to be very profitable. They had a bicameral legislative: one which was appointed by the king and the other by the people. Virginia’s colonists had to worship the Church of England, it was the law and they had to maintain it with taxes. While the British impacted many aspects of American culture, the political prestige and power of the British Empire perhaps had the strongest effect of all. The local government consisted of a county court system which could set local tax rates and build roads. A History of the American People. The colonist came to the Americas in order to escape religious toleration and economic prosperity. Indentured servants were hired to grow the tobacco. All of the economic success that resulted from these trading tendencies led to a bigger rich-poor gap in society as the rich became richer and bought more slaves to get even more money. The slaves were taken from their families in Africa and worked all day cultivating, drying leaves, and packing the tobacco. Chesapeake Colonies vs New England Colonies Originally, the first settlements were established for monetary reasons, future colonies, namely the New England colonies, were established as religious havens for various groups. Unlike New England, religion wasn’t a main objective in the Chesapeake society. Get Your Custom Essay While both the New England and Chesapeake colonies can be separated by their culture, and government and religion, their motivations for colonizing was the most significant factor in differentiating the two. The excitement that other settlers had for religion was not such excitement in the Chesapeake colonies. These workers were indentured servants or, increasingly as the trade became more established, African slaves. Premium The New England and Chesapeake colonies developed into two different societies due to their differences in economics, social development, and religion. Historic region of British North America, now in the central East Coast of the United States, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Tobacco: Colonial Cultivation Methods - Historic Jamestowne Part of Colonial National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chesapeake_Colonies&oldid=971827507, Former British colonies and protectorates in the Americas, Articles lacking in-text citations from January 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 8 August 2020, at 13:31. As agriculture grew in importance in the southern economy, the demand for more workers grew as well. Social reciprocity was also common where everything was equal among people. As time passed the colonist were changed by their different surroundings. The political structure of the Southern Colonies and the Chesapeake region and the manner of the different American political figures reflected the structure of the British Government. Slavery in the colonial history of the United States, http://www.lva.va.us/whatwehave/local/va4_headrights.htm, http://students.ou.edu/H/Mark.A.Hall-1/tippowerpoint.ppt#256,1,Growth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colonial_South_and_the_Chesapeake&oldid=980282887, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 16:42. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. New England was compromised of families who came to the New World in search of religious freedom while the Chesapeake Region consisted of young men whose only focus was money. In contrast the colonies were very different societies. These cities served as major seaports for the colonies in their trade with Europe, African, and the Caribbean. The weakness in the church of the colonies had a positive effect on other religions that moved to the colonies. England in particular sent large groups to the east coast of North America to two separate regions, which would later become known as the Chesapeake and New England areas. Bacon's Rebellion, likewise, showed how much influence the people could exert over their government when they disagreed with what the upper class in the government decided. 3 Pages, "The Effect Of Religion In The New England And Chesapeake Colonies To 1740", of these establishments vastly different. Tobacco became a very popular crop and required lots of land and labor. They tried to get them to be supportive of their religion and beliefs. Unlike New England, religion wasn’t a main objective in the Chesapeake society. Although the, StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Thomson Wadsworth 2008. Religion in the Chesapeake region was not at all common, except in a few areas. These first few settlements, Virginia and Maryland, also known as the Chesapeake colonies, were seen... Free New England was founded for the purpose of religious freedom. Chesapeake and New England colonies Comparison Most large population centers in colonial America were located in New England or the Middle Colonies. Much like the old world, colonial America was divided into a rigid social structure. Tobacco became a very popular crop and required lots of land and labor. Most New Englanders were loggers, fishers, or shipbuilders since the colony didn’t have a suitable geography and climate for agriculture. These conflicts led to the appointing of Royal Governors by the King. The Chesapeake Colonies were the Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later the Commonwealth of Virginia, and Province of Maryland, later Maryland, both colonies located in British America and centered on the Chesapeake Bay. The local economy polarized the society from the Atlantic Coast plantation owners to the small scale farmers who wanted the unused Indian land. English citizens traveled to the New World for religious, economic, and various other reasons. It became the Church of England. 4 Pages. These differences in beliefs led to the variations in the types of governments. Although these areas were colonized by the same type of people, many differences existed amongst them. It was not until the late 17th century, after Bacon’s Rebellion, that the major source of labor switched from indentured servants to African slavery. The settler’s principles led to the variances between the types of people that occupied in these colonies. This contributed to the demand for slave labor in the Southern colonies. The local economy in the Balls and southern colonies was characterized by the headright, the right to receive 50 acres (200,000 m2) of land for any immigrant who settled in Virginia or paid for the transportation of an immigrant who settled in Virginia (51.342 acres (207,770 m2) per head). Most of these settlers were male immigrants from England who died soon after their arrival. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by the people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. England, Virginia, Tobacco 933 Words | You can get your custom paper from UTA 14February2011 Life in the Chesapeake Colonies.  These governors resembled the King and kept order throughout the colonies. It lines between the government and religion was unclear. While succeeding for a while, the rebellion fell apart when Nathaniel Bacon died, though it still left a reminder of how much influence the average settler had in early American government. your own paper. Most colonists went to church every Sunday like they were supposed to. As a result, the society became polarized between those who owned large tracts of land near the Atlantic and people whose land was subject to Indian attack as well as former indentured servants who could not afford the favored land . , Both the southern colonies and those in the Chesapeake had a similar government: a governor and a council appointed by the crown, and an assembly or house of representatives that was elected by the people. Although these areas were colonized by the same type of people, many differences existed amongst them. The Chesapeake and New England Colonies.
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